Riveting in Sheet Metal Fabrication(uses for rivets Ted)
- source:ZIEG CNC Machining
What is Riveting?
Riveting involves inserting a metal fastener called a rivet through holes in multiple sheets of metal and deforming the rivet shank to clamp the sheets together. The rivet shank expands, filling the holes and creating a strong mechanical bond. Common rivet types used in sheet metal include solid rivets, blind rivets, and self-piercing rivets. Riveting relies on plastic deformation rather than chemicals or heat to join materials. It creates highly reliable mechanical joints.
Benefits of Riveting
Compared to welding, soldering, or adhesives, riveting offers several benefits for sheet metal fabrication:
- It can join dissimilar metals. Riveting avoids metallurgical issues with fusing different materials.
- Minimal heat input. The process avoids heat-affected zones or distortion.
- Easily automated. Rivet installation works well for automation and robotics.
- Consistent quality. Correctly driven rivets provide uniform clamping force.
- Inspection and repairs. Joints allow visual inspection and replacement of individual rivets.
- Vibration resistance. Rivets resist shock, fatigue, and vibration stresses.
Rivet Types for Sheet Metal
The most common type consists of a cylindrical shank and head. Installation compresses and upsets the rivet tail to expand the shank. Solid rivets suit simple overlap joints and shear loads. Material options include steel, copper, aluminum, and monel. Countersunk heads allow flush surfaces.
These rivets can install from one side when access to both sides is limited. Blind rivets have a mandrel that pulls the shank tail. After setting, the mandrel snaps off and leaves the hollow rivet in place. They suit panels where drilling full holes is impractical. Blind rivets come in a wide range of sizes and materials.
As the name implies, self-piercing rivets do not need pre-drilled holes. The rivet dies punch through stacked sheets, displacing material to interlock layers. The installing compression and mandrel expansion produce a cold-formed joint. Self-piercing rivets work on overlaid sheets, avoiding precise hole alignment.
Riveting Process for Sheet Metal Fabrication
Proper technique is crucial for quality riveted joints. Riveting sheet metal involves these key steps:
- Shearing to size and deburring cut edges
- Applying corrosion protection like primers if needed
- Precision hole punching for rivet diameter
- Determining rivet type, spacing, and layout to suit the application
- Allowing adequate edge margins around rivets
- Fixture stacking of sheets to precisely align holes
- Using alignment pins if needed for multiple rivets
- Choosing rivet material, head style, shank diameter, and grip length
- Selecting rivets 1.5 times sheet thickness for solid joints
- Using manual, pneumatic, or hydraulic rivet tools
- Controlling force and deformation to set rivets properly
- Confirming filled head profile and lack of looseness
- Checking set rivets for proper seating and closed shanks
- Replacing underdriven rivets to meet quality standards
- Periodic torque testing on rivets to validate clamp loads
The proper hole size, sheet alignment, rivet specs, and driving force result in repeatable quality rivet joints. Operators require training on riveting parameters and tool operation to achieve optimal results. Correct technique minimizes defects like cracked sheets or failed rivets.
Riveted Joint Design Considerations
Engineers factor in both joint design and riveting process control to create durable sheet metal structures:
- Spacing: Rivets spaced 3-4 diameters apart provide maximum joint strength.
- Edge Distance: At least 1.5 rivet diameters from sheet edges avoids edge tear-out.
- Rows: Staggered rows are better than single-row joints.
- Load: Rivets suit shear loads better than tension or peel loads.
- Hole Fit: A clearance fit hole 0.1 mm over rivet diameter avoids distortion.
- Material: Ductile sheet and rivet materials produce tighter joints.
- Grip Length: Must match the total sheet stack thickness.
- Driving: Rivet tightness depends on precise installation force.
Proper joint design, quality rivets, controlled driving, and inspection result in reliable long-lasting riveted connections.
Automated Riveting Systems
For high-volume sheet fabrication, automated riveting machines improve quality and throughput over manual processes. Automated riveting uses servo electric or pneumatic actuators to consistently install multiple rivet types and sizes. Robotic work cells with riveting end effectors can handle complex geometries.
Automated systems use force sensors, vision inspection, and PLC control to monitor and adapt the installation process in real-time. This ensures correct rivet forming to avoid underdriven or cracked joints. Riveting automation also improves ergonomics by eliminating strain from manual installation.
With precision fixturing and flexible tooling, automated riveting can process different components and joint configurations. Riveting robots can access hard-to-reach spots and speed production flows. Properly integrated automation optimizes rivet joint quality for sheet metal manufacturing.
In summary, riveting is a versatile metal fastening process suitable for joining sheet metal fabrications. The variety of rivet styles and automated installation options make riveting a staple technique for reliable sheet metal structures across industrial applications. When performed correctly, riveted joints meet mechanical performance demands with consistent quality. CNC Milling CNC Machining